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Vertebral Fracture

fracture index

Vertebral Fracture

A Vertebral Fracture is a crack or break in one or more of the vertebrae of the spine. Vertebral Fracture occure in the cervical, thoracic and lumbar area of the spine.

Most Vertebral Fractures are caused from accidents such as a car accident or a fall. Sports injuries and acts of violence are also a common cause. A common type of spinal fracture is a compression fracture. Osteoporosis is also a common cause of Vertebral Fractures.

Vertebral Fractures are among the most serious of fractures. Spinal cord injuries   are often caused by Vertebral Fractures.

Types of Vertebral Fractures.

  • Compression fracture: While the front (anterior) of the vertebra breaks and loses height, the back (posterior) part of it does not. This type of fracture is usually stable and rarely associated with neurologic problems.
  • Axial burst fracture: You lose height on both the front and back of the vertebra in this type of fracture, often caused by a fall from height in which you land on your feet.
  • Flexion/distraction (chance) fracture: The vertebra is literally pulled apart (distraction), such as in a head-on car crash in which the upper body is thrown forward while the pelvis is stabilized by a lap seat belt.
  • Transverse process fracture: This type of fracture results from rotation or extreme sideways (lateral) bending and usually does not affect stability.
  • Fracture-dislocation: This is an unstable injury involving bone and/or soft tissue in which one vertebra may move off the adjacent one (displaced).

This web site is intended for your own informational purposes only. No person or entity associated with this web site purports to be engaging in the practice of medicine through this medium. The information you receive is not intended as a substitute for the advice of a physician or other health care professional. If you have an illness or medical problem, contact your health care provider.


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