Of more than 100 different kinds of arthritis, these are the
most common types and their symptoms. See our index to the left to find
information about more types of arthritis as well as over 100 other bone and
Osteoarthritis Arthritis Symptoms
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease caused by
wear and tear on a joint or joints over time or trauma to a joint. The wear
and tear on joints causes wearing away of the cartilage that protects the
Visit our Osteoarthritis section
Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an auto-immune disease
that causes the immune system to attack the joints and various organs in the
body. RA is usually a very aggressive form of auto-immune arthritis. Not
only does it effect almost all joints it often affects many other parts of
the body including the skin, blood vessels, heart, lungs, and muscles. It is
also a very disabling disease with over 50 percent of RA patients are unable
to work 10 years after the onset of their disease.
Visit our Rheumatoid Arthritis Section
Gout Arthritis Symptoms
Gout causes sudden, severe attacks, usually in
the big toe or other joints in the foot but any joint can be affected.
A metabolic disorder in which uric
builds up in the blood and crystals form in joints and other places. Gout
has become on of the most treatable forms of arthritis. New drugs and
attention to diet can control gout. Gout affects about 1 million Americans
(70 to 80 percent men), with first attack starting between 40 and 50 years
Ankylosing Spondylitis Arthritis Symptoms
A chronic inflammatory disease of the spine that can result in fused
vertebrae and rigid spine. Often milder and harder to diagnose in women.
Most people with the disease also have a genetic marker known as HLA-B27.
Affects about 318,000 Americans, usually men between the ages of 16 and 35.
Juvenile Arthritis Symptoms
The most common form is juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis
diagnosis, treatment, and disease characteristics are different in children
and adults. Some children recover completely; others remain affected
throughout their lives. Affects about 200,000 Americans.
Visit our Juvenile Arthritis section
Psoriatic Arthritis Symptoms
Bone and other joint tissues become inflamed, and, like rheumatoid
arthritis, it can affect the whole body. Affects about 5 percent of people
with psoriasis, a chronic skin disease. Likely to affect fingers or spine.
Symptoms are mild in most people but can be quite severe. Affects about
Visit our Psoriatic Arthritis section (updated 12 -
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Symptoms
Involves skin, joints, muscles, and sometimes internal organs.
Symptoms usually appear in women of childbearing age but can occur in anyone
at any age. Also called lupus or SLE, it can be mild or life threatening.
Affects at least 131,000 Americans, nine to ten times as many women as men.
Visit our Lupus Section
Septic arthritis is an infection of the joint space which causes
arthritis. The infection is usually caused by bacteria but viral and
fungal arthritis can also occur . Bacteria are either carried by the
bloodstream from an infectious some where else in the body. It can also be
caused by a injury to the body where the skin is broken all the way to the
joint allowing bacteria to inter the joint.
Septic Arthritis Section
Arthritis can develop as a result of an infection. For example, bacteria
that cause gonorrhea or Lyme disease can cause arthritis. Infectious
arthritis can cause serious damage, but usually clears up completely with
antibiotics. Scleroderma is a systemic disease that involves the skin, but
may include problems with blood vessels, joints, and internal organs.
Fibromyalgia syndrome is soft-tissue rheumatism that doesn't lead to joint
deformity, but affects an estimated 5 million Americans, mostly women. The
approximate number of cases in the United States of some common forms of
our main index for information on over 100 types of arthritis and hundreds
of other inflammatory and bone conditions.
help you understand your doctor visits try our
arthritis terminology page.