Of more than 100 different kinds of arthritis, these are the most common
types and their symptoms. See our index to the left to find information
about more types of arthritis as well as over 100 other bone and
Osteoarthritis Arthritis Symptoms
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease caused by
wear and tear on a joint or joints over time or trauma to a joint. The wear
and tear on joints causes wearing away of the cartilage that protects the
Visit our Osteoarthritis section
Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is is an auto-immune disease that causes the immune system to
attack the joints and various organs in the body. RA is usually a very
aggressive form of auto-immune arthritis. Not only does it effect almost all
joints it often affects many other parts of the body including the skin, blood vessels, heart, lungs,
and muscles. It is also a very disabling disease with over 50 percent of RA patients are unable to work 10 years after the
onset of their disease.
Visit our Rheumatoid Arthritis Section
Gout Arthritis Symptoms
Gout causes sudden, severe attacks, usually in the big toe
or other joints in the foot but any joint can be
affected. A metabolic disorder in which uric acid
builds up in the blood and crystals form in joints and other places. Gout
has become on of the most treatable forms of arthritis. New drugs and attention
to diet can control gout. Gout affects about 1 million Americans (70 to 80 percent men), with
first attack starting between 40 and 50 years of age.
Ankylosing Spondylitis Arthritis Symptoms
A chronic inflammatory disease of the spine that can result in fused vertebrae and
rigid spine. Often milder and harder to diagnose in women. Most people with the disease
also have a genetic marker known as HLA-B27. Affects about 318,000 Americans, usually men
between the ages of 16 and 35.
Juvenile Arthritis Symptoms
The most common form is juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis diagnosis,
treatment, and disease characteristics are different in children and adults. Some children
recover completely; others remain affected throughout their lives. Affects about 200,000
Visit our Juvenile Arthritis section
Psoriatic Arthritis Symptoms
Bone and other joint tissues become inflamed, and, like rheumatoid arthritis, it
can affect the whole body. Affects about 5 percent of people with psoriasis, a chronic
skin disease. Likely to affect fingers or spine. Symptoms are mild in most people but can
be quite severe. Affects about 160,000 Americans.
Visit our Psoriatic Arthritis section (updated 12 -
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Symptoms
Involves skin, joints, muscles, and sometimes internal organs. Symptoms usually
appear in women of childbearing age but can occur in anyone at any age. Also called lupus
or SLE, it can be mild or life threatening. Affects at least 131,000 Americans, nine to
ten times as many women as men.
Visit our Lupus Section
Septic arthritis is an infection of the joint space which causes arthritis. The
infection is usually caused by bacteria but viral and fungal arthritis
can also occur . Bacteria are either
carried by the bloodstream from an infectious some where else in the body.
It can also be caused by a injury to the body where the skin is broken all
the way to the joint allowing bacteria to inter the joint.
Septic Arthritis Section
Arthritis can develop as a result of an infection. For example, bacteria that cause
gonorrhea or Lyme disease can cause arthritis. Infectious arthritis can cause serious
damage, but usually clears up completely with antibiotics. Scleroderma is a systemic
disease that involves the skin, but may include problems with blood vessels, joints, and
internal organs. Fibromyalgia syndrome is soft-tissue rheumatism that doesn't lead to
joint deformity, but affects an estimated 5 million Americans, mostly women. The
approximate number of cases in the United States of some common forms of arthritis.
our main index for information on over 100 types of arthritis and hundreds
of other inflammatory and bone conditions.
help you understand your doctor visits try our
arthritis terminology page.